The bulbous mushroom is also known as the wrinkled mushroom, the mushroom mushroom, and the red mushroom mushroom. It is one of the top ten mushroom species in the international mushroom trading market. The mushroom body is large in size, bright in color, fresh in taste, and crisp in taste. Tender. The use of pure straw for cultivation of Stropharia gigantea, straw has a long growth period, rough texture of grass stems, a long period of mushroom production during cultivation, and easy cultivation, resistance to extensive, short production cycle, high yield, fresh produce per square meter Mushrooms 10 to 30 kg. Due to its beautiful color and high quality, it can be sold in the local market and processed into dry products for export. In addition, the raw materials used for planting mushrooms can be returned to the field and the soil can be improved. This is the best fertilizer for agricultural crops. Therefore, the comprehensive benefits of using straw to cultivate Stropharia are very impressive. The techniques for efficient cultivation of Stropharia covered by straw will now be introduced as follows:

1 Preparation of culture materials. Straw 100%, plus wheat bran or rice bran 10%, corn flour 5%, gypsum powder 2%, superphosphate 1%, lime powder 2%, vegetable garden soil 10%, moisture content 70% to 75%, pH value 6 to 65.

2 raw material processing. Before building a pile, straw must first absorb enough water. The method is: Introduce the clean water into the ditch or the pool. The straw is soaked in water and soaked with grass. The soaking time is 1 to 2 days and the water content reaches 70% to 75%. The standard is: To draw a small representative grass tightened, there are water droplets, but the water droplets are broken. It shows that the water content is suitable, and then build a heap fermentation. Two days before fermentation, the other excipients were mixed evenly. With 1:500 times carbendazim liquid to wet, film stuffy stuffy for 2 days. The piled straw was built on the ground at a width of 1.5 to 2 meters, a height of 1 to 1.5 meters, and an unlimited length. The auxiliary materials are added into the material piles in layers, and the grass piles must be compacted. After 3 days, the piles are turned one by one, and then piled in the cultivation field for 2 to 3 days.

3 Cultivation methods. It is more appropriate to cultivate raw materials and build simple plastic sheds outdoors. Due to the low cost of outdoor raw materials, it is easy to operate.

4 Cultivation season. The temperature of the bulbous mushroom is 4-30°C. In most areas of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, two seasons can be cultivated in one year, that is, each planting season from September to December and from December to May. The cultivation of the north of the Yellow River and high altitude mountains The period may be appropriately advanced and the termination period may be appropriately postponed.

5 venue selection. The venues for outdoor cultivation of Stropharia capsici are the first to be close to the water source, and the drainage is convenient; the second is to require the soil to be fertile and loose; the third is to shelter from the sun and partially shade it. Stropha capitulum grows in a semi-shade environment. Avoid low-lying water and overly damp areas. If it is cultivated in a woodland, orchard or vegetable greenhouse, it has natural shade, which is more advantageous. If you cultivate in winter and field, you should build a plastic shelter.

6 site consolidation and disinfection. After the cultivation site is determined, the boring bed, which is slightly higher in the middle, slightly lower on both sides, and 15 to 20 centimeters in height, 100 centimeters in width, and unlimited in length, can be piled on one side for excavation. Drains should be opened around. After the earthworms are built, they can be poured with 1% tea seed cake water and sprayed with dichlorvos to prevent insect pests such as cockroaches. If woodland or orchard is used as a mushroom farm, termite powder, mirex, etc. must be used to kill ants.

7 planting material sowing. Hay 20 kg per square meter, sowing 2 kg strains. Spread a layer of material, broadcast a layer of bacteria, strains according to 1010 cm hole sowing, seed blocks for the size of the thumb, hole depth of 2 to 3 cm. Each layer is about 12 centimeters thick, paved with trapezoids and compacted to cover the soil. Then cover the surface of the material with newspapers, films, and cover the straw shade.

8 germination period management. The temperature during the germination period should be controlled at 22 to 28°C, and the maximum should not exceed 32°C; the moisture content of the culture material should be 70% to 75%: the relative humidity of the air should be 85% to 90%. During the germination period, do not spray water on the material surface. If the material surface is dry due to the need for water spray, the mycelium must be 1/2 of the material before it can spray water on the material surface to increase the water content of the surface material. After the soil was covered with soil, the hyphae quickly grew into the soil.

9 Cover soil. 25 to 30 days after sowing, the hyphae have been connected between the acupuncture point and the point. The hyphae inside the material have been close to the long penetration culture material, and the soil can be applied on the material surface. Cover soil should use fertile soil, rich in humus, loose and loam structure. Covering the thickness of 3 to 4 cm. After covering the soil, the soil layer should be gradually wetted within 2 to 3 days so that the soil moisture content reaches about 36%. The standard is to squeeze the soil particles by hand, and the soil particles become flat and not broken, and it is not advisable to stick the hand. When adjusting the moisture, it must be lightly sprayed, ground sprayed, and a small number of times so that the moisture from the top and bottom of the soil is consistent with the wetness. Do not allow the water to flow into the material to prevent the bacteria from bleeding due to water damage. Reduce production and reduce income.

10 fruiting period management. After the mycelium is covered with the culture material, the mushroom can be grown in 15 to 20 days. The focus of this phase is to do a good job of moisturizing, controlling temperature and enhancing ventilation and ventilation. Stropharia capsularis requires a relative humidity of 90% to 95% during the fruiting stage. Maintaining the wetting state of the overburden and the moisture content of the substrate up to 65% is the key to good development of the mushroom body. Mushroom season must strengthen ventilation. In plastic shed cultivation, ventilation times and prolonged ventilation periods should be increased. Depending on the circumstances, ventilation should be performed for 1 to 2 hours each time. Keep the fresh air in the mushroom farm. The stalks that grow are short, thick and have good quality. The most suitable temperature for the bulbous mushroom is 12~25°C. The temperature is lower than 4°C or higher than 30°C. Therefore, appropriate measures should be taken in different seasons to control high temperature and low temperature.

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